Drug Trials on humans is an ongoing process, but companies are increasingly carrying out clinical trials in emerging nations particularly South Asia. In most cases, The process of clinical trials is marred by human rights violation and absence of regulatory and monitoring framework. Considering these issues, Sama in collaboration with Bern Declaration (BD), conducted a study to examine the conduct of clinical trials. This study was sponsored by Swiss Pharmaceutical companies in India. It was conducted on four states of India and focused on informed consent, sourcing and recruitment of participants and the issues related to compensation vis-à-vis clinical trials. The findings of this study are documented in this report.